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2009年陕西省专升本英语考试试题
发布时间:2012-11-23 10:52:24
注意事项:
1.本卷满分为150分。考试时间为150分钟。
2.本卷分试卷I和试卷II,均用钢笔或圆珠笔答卷。第I卷为客观题,考生必须把答案用大写字母写在答题纸上;第II卷为主观题,考生直接把答案写在试卷上。
3.答卷前将密封线内的项目填写清楚。
 
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试卷I
 
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I. Vocabulary and structure (40%)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1. _________a solution to the problem of water shortage, we have to put all our efforts together.
A. To work out   B. Working out   C. Work out   D. Being worked out
2. Smith regretted _________ to the meeting yesterday.
   A. not going     B. Working out   C. not to going  D. not to be going
3. A professor, along with some students, _________ now working in the new laboratory.
   A. is           B. were         C. are         D. was
4. Just as I was leaving the house, it occurred ________me that I had forgotten my keys.
  A. on        B. in              C. at           D. to  
5. Do you have any idea why he _________?
  A. is looked sad   B. is looking sad  C. looks sadly   D. looks sad
6. My children are looking forward to ________a trip to Beijing next month.
  A. make      B. making         C. be making     D. have made
7. Numerous studied have shown that ________the teacher’s expectation, the greater the achievement of the student.
  A. the higher   B. the highest    C. as high        D. the high
8. We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let’s have _______one this month.
  A. other       B. more        C. the other       D. another
9. Why not _______to professor Smith for advice? He is an expert in this field.
  A. go         B. your going    C. to go          D. you go
10. Only after the students have mastered the rules of pronunciation________.
  A. can they memorize words more easily
  B. when can they memorize words more easily
  C. then they can memorize words more easily
  D when they can memorize words more easily
11._______formal occasions, you should tale about some world issues or social problems, not about yourself or your family.
  A. In       B. At        C. On       D. By
12.______troublesome the problem is, he faces it with patience.
 A. No matter     B. Although      C. Despite      D. However
13. Since you won’t lend us your motor car, you should at _______tell us where we can borrow one.
   A. most         B. least          C. large        D. length
14.______the English evening, I would have gone to the cinema.
 A. As for        B. But for      C. In spite of     D. Due to 
15. The British painter who had been praised highly by______ to be a great disappointment.
   A. turned out    B. turned up   C. turned in   D. turned down
16. It is not always right to judge a person on the _____ of the first impression.
   A. basic   B. basis   C. base   D. basement
17. Generally speaking, your success _____ your ability and efforts.
   A. comes of   B. depends on   C. belongs to   D. grows up
18. Everybody has access _____ the large collection of books on various subjects in our department library.
   A. of   B. for   C. to   D. about
19. Thirty miles away from the town, the robbers _____ the car and disappeared into the woods.
    A. approached   B. ground   C. abandoned   D. removed
20. Though this house is very old and may not be worth much, it is _____ great emotional value to my father who spent all his childhood days here.
   A. by   B. of   C. with   D. for
21. Read the book carefully _____ you will find lots of information related to our research.
   A. if   B. or    C. so    D. and
22. He prefers to rent a car _____ have one of his own
   A. other than   B. rather than   C. on condition that   D. would rather
23. In the past ten years Jack has been with us. I think he has proved that he _____ respect from every one of us.
   A. qualifies   B. expects   C. reserves   D. deserves
24. It was some time ____ the door opened in response to his ring.
   A. before    B. when    C. after    D. since
25. It is a huge task to ____ in the building in such a short time.
   A. go ahead with  B. keep up   C. clean up   D. work out
26. What he has done shows that he is not a man ____.
   A. whom you can believe     B. that you can believe
   C. whom you can believe in   D. what you can believe in
27. He was ____ to speak the truth.
   A. too much of a coward      B. so much a coward
   C. too much a coward        D. so much of a coward
28. If we continue to argue over minor points, we won’t get ____ near a solution.
   A. somewhere    B. elsewhere    C. everywhere    D. anywhere
29. There are some ____ flowers on the table.
   A. unreal    B. false    C. artificial    D. unnatural
30. When Mr. Jones gets old, he will ____ over his business to his son.
   A. take    B. hand    C. think    D. get
31. I can    some noise while I’m studying, but I can’t stand loud noise.
   A. put up with    B. keep up with    C. catch up with   D. come up with
32. If we had had adequate time to prepare, the results ____ much better.
   A. would    B. were    C. had been    D. would have been    D. while
33. I like climbing mountains ____ my wife prefers water sports.
   A. as    B. when    C. for    D. while
34. Some parents are just too protective. They want to      their kids from every kind of danger, real or imagined.
   A. shelter     B. locate    C. prevent     D. release
35. As a cleaning woman, her      duties include cleaning the desks and mopping the floor.
   A. continuous   B. routine   C. initial   D. constant
36. The kids lay face down to the beach, their backs     to the sun.
   A. exposing    B. exposed    C. having exposed    D. were exposing
37. It wasn’t the dinner. it was     people talked about at the dinner that disgusted ..
   A. what   B. that    C. whatever    D. those
38. For generations the people in these two villages lived in perfect.    
   A. conflict   B. distinction   C. harmony   D. regulation
39. He was seriously injured in the accident and lost his consciousness. When he _____ he found himself in a hospital bed.
A. came off    B. came up    C. came in    D. came to        
40. His face_____ when he told a lie.
A. gave him off    B. gave him away    C. gave him up    D. gave him out
 
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Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (50%)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D .You should decide on the best choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:
 
                              Passage  One
   What do we talk about when we talk about money? We often think about what we can buy whit the money we have, what we can’t buy because we don’t have enough and what we’re planning to buy when we have more. We discuss the careers that bring us money and the expenses that take it away. We talk about our favorite shops and restaurants, the causes we support, the place we’ve been and seen. We share dreams that only money can make real.
   In short, we talk about everything but money itself. In daily life, money is still a major conversational taboo (禁忌). This is a shame, because money is as interesting as the things it does and buys, and the more you know about it, the more interesting it is.
   (81) As a financial advisor, I’ve seen hundreds of people learn to control their money instead of letting it control them and watched as they increased their freedom, power and security by handling money consciously. Wouldn’t you like to know that you’ll always have enough money to live exactly as you want to?
   You’ll never be powerful in life until you’re powerful over your own money. Talking openly about it is the first step.
41. Which of the following is NOT discussed when we talk about money?
   A. The careers that bring us money.
   B. The causes we support.
   C. The dreams that only money can make real.
   D. Money itself.
42. What can we know form from the second paragraph?
   A. We should know more about money itself rather than avoid talking about it.
   B. Money itself can interest us and bring us happiness.
   C. The more money we earn, the more we should know about it.
   D. It is a shame that people talk too much about money.
43. What does the writer want to say in the third paragraph?
   A. People should learn how to make money.
   B. People should know the value of money.
   C. People should learn to control their money.
   D. People should know how to use money to increase their power.
44. The writer’s advice is that      .
   A. the more you talk about money, the more you can control it
B. we should learn to be a good master of our money if we want to be powerful in life
C. we should not be so worried about money if we want to have a free life
D. the more money you have, the more powerful you are
45. What will the writer probably talk about after the last paragraph?
   A. The importance of money.
   B. Money, power and security.
   C. The other steps for people to control money
   D. The steps for people make money
                          
Passage  Two
    A question often put to the specialist on fishes is “How long do fishes live?” This puts the specialist in an embarrassing because he is often unable to give a direct answer to this simple question.
   But actually this question is not as simple as it seems. There are thousands of different kinds of fishes, and they vary a great deal in size and life span. Moreover, it is not easy to find out just how long a fish lives in its natural state.
   We can find out how old a fish is by studying its scales, but we cannot say how much more time it would live if we had not caught it.
   We may rear fishes and record their life span but we cannot be sure that this is the length of time they would have lived, had they been left alone.
   We may make marking to show how fast the fishes grow so that we can calculate the age of the largest on record , but unless this large fish dies of old age we are still not in a position to know its natural life span .
   (82) Unlike human beings , fishes do not stop growing when they reach maturity (成熟). They continue to grow as long as they live, although the rate of growth slows down in mature fishes.
46. People often ask the specialist on fishes regarding its _____.
  A. size      B. Life     C. age       D. variety
47. The specialist is embarrassed by the question because______.
  A. he does not know the answer   B. there is no answer to the question
  C. it is a silly and simple question for him   D. there is no definite answer to this question
48. We can know a fish’s age from its ________.
   A. weight     B. size      C. scales      D. length
49. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
   A. Different kinds of fishes have different life spans.
   B. It is hard for the specialist to know the length of time a fish lives in its natural state.
   C. Mature fishes grow more quickly than young one.
D. The specialist makes marking to know the rate of fishes so that they know the age of the largest ones.
50. Human being, unlike fishes, __________.
  A. stop growing when they reach maturity   B. grow faster after maturing
  C. Continue to grow as long as they live     D. have a short life span
                           
Passage  Three
We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming (把----按能力分班) pupils . It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade!
Besides, it is rather unreal to grade pupils just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. (83) We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.
In our classrooms, we work in various ways .The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. (84) They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher.
Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignment, and they can to this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the stills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.
51. In the passage the author’s attitude towards “mixed-ability teaching” is __________.
   A. critical        B. approving              C. questioning          D. objective
52. By “held back” (line 1, Para .1) the author means ___________.
   A. made to remain in the same classes    B. forced to study in the lower classes
   C. drawn to their studies               D. prevented from advancing
53. The author argues that a teacher’s chief concern should be the development of the student’s___________.
A. Personal qualities and social skills learning ability and communicative skills
B. Total personality learning ability and communicative skills
C. learning ability and communicative skills
 D. intellectual ability
54. Which of following is NOT MENTIONED in the third paragraph?
     A. Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with other.
     B. Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning abilities.
 C .Group work provides pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizers.
 D .Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activities,
55. The author’ purpose in writing this passage is to __________.
     A. argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class
     B. recommend pair work and group work for classroom activities
     C. offer advice on the proper use of the library
     D. emphasize the importance of appropriate formal classroom teaching
                              
Passage  Four
    (85) Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are distributed among buyers.
    The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices
of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of numerous services,     including labor ,professional transportation, and public-utility services. The prices of any      particular product or service are linked to a broad, complicated system of prices of any      particular product or service are linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which      everything seems to depend more or less on everything else.
If one were to ask randomly(随机地) a group of individuals to define“price”, many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the buyer to the seller of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction(交易). This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than      the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buy and the seller should be      familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or     service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and the      payment will be made, the form of money to on the product or service, delivery terms, return privileges, and other factors that comprise the total“package”being exchanged for the asked-for amount in order that they may evaluate a given price.
56. According to the passage, the price system is related primarily to _________.
   A. labor and education                 B. transportation and insurance
   C. utilities and repairs                 D. products and services
57. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT factor in the complete understanding of price?
   A. Instructions that come with a product.   B. The quantity of a product.
   C. The quality of a product.             D. Guarantees that come with a product.
58. In the last sentence of the passage, the word“they”refers to ___.  
   A. return privileges   B. all the factors   C. the buyer and the seller  D. money
59. The paragraph following the passage likely discusses ___.
   A. unusual ways to advertise product
   B. types of payment plans for service
   C. theories about how products affect difficult levels of society
   D. how certain elements of price “package” influence its market value
60. What is the best title of the passage?
   A. The Inherent Weakness in the Price System
   B. The complexities of the Price System
   C. Credit Terms in Transactions
   D. Resource Distribution and the Public Sector
 
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III. Cloze Test (20)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D below the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then write the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet.
Section A (非英语专业学生做)
  Britain was a wealthy country a hundred and fifty years 61. There were a 62 very rich people 63 received money from land or investment, and did not need to work.
They used to have large 64 of servants to look 65 them. There were also many middle class people, who worked as businessmen or as doctors or lawyers. They usually had several servants to 66 their houses and cook their meals. 
  But there were also many poor people, and there was a big 67 between the rich and the poor.
The poor had very difficult lives. Many worked as servants. They used to be 68 little, and they had to work long hours. But at least they lived in warm house and were well 69.
70 who worked in factories were often less 71. They used to work many hours a day, in dangerous and unhealthy conditions. But, even so, they did not use to 72 enough to feed their families. They often lived in slums which were built cheaply by the factory owners.
The 73 paid people were those who worked 74 the farms. At certain times of the year, they did not use to earn 75 because there was no work 76 them to do.
Life for the poor was not was not always bad. There kind farmers and factory owners who helped there workers. And many people were 77 about the poor.  One of them was Charles Dickens, the famous British writer. When he was young, his family was always short 78    money. His father was a clerk, who used to 79 more than he earned. When Dickens was eleven, his father was 80 to prison, and Dickens had to work in a factory. At this time, very young children used to work in factories and mines, and clean chimneys.
61 .A. ago       B early          C. before        D. soon
62. A. little       B. much        C. few          D. many
63. A. which      B. what         C. who          D. whose
64. A. amounts    B. numbers      C. deals         D. plenties
65. A. after        B. for          C. at            D. like
66. A. clear       B. clean         C sweeten       D. declare
67. A. space       B. room         C. gap          D. distance
68. A. got         B. received      C accepted      D. paid
69. A. kept        B. fed          C. felt          D. lived
70. A. These       B. Those        C. This         D. That
71. A. fortunate    B. favorable      C. favorite      D. financial
72. A. engage      B. eliminate       C. earn        D. learn
73. A. bad         B. worse         C. good        D. fewest
74. A. in          B. on            C. at           D. above
75. A. something   B. everything      C. nothing      D. anything
76. A. for         B. of             C. as          D. to
77. A. considered   B. concerned      C. convinced    D. contributed
78. A. of          B. to             C. in          D. at
79. A. cost         B. spend          C. waste      D. lend
80. A. sent        B. brought         C. pulled      D. entered
 
Section B (英语专业学生做)
Reading is thought to be a kind of conversation between the reader and the text. The reader puts questions, as it were, to the text and gets answers. In the 61 of these he puts further questions, and so on.
For most of the time this “conversation”goes on 62 the level consciousness. At times,
63 , we become aware of it. This is usually when we are running  64 difficulties, when mismatch is occurring between 65 and meaning. When successful matching is being 66 , our questioning of the text  67 at the unconscious level.
Different people converse 68 the text differently.  Some stay very 69 to the Words on the page;  70 take off imaginatively from the words, interpreting, criticizing, analyzing and examining.  71 represents a kind of comprehension which is Written in the text. The latter represents 72 levels of comprehension. The 73 between these is important, especially for the advanced reader.
     There is another conversation which from our point of 74 is equally important, And that is to  75  not with what is read but with how it is read . We call this a “process” conversation as  76 to a“content”conversation. It is concerned not with meaning bur with the strategies we 77 in reading. If we are an advanced reader our ability to hold a process conversation with a text is usually pretty well 78 . It is 79 this kind of conversation that is of importance when we are 80  to develop our reading to meet the new demands being placed upon us by studying at a high level.
61. A. answer   B. light    C. meaning    D. weight
62. A. at       B. below   C. on         D. of
63. A. at       B. so      C. but         D. also
64. A. off      B. away    C. into        D. on
65. A. expectations  B. wishes      C. hopes        D. predictions
66. A. witnessed    B. undergone   C. experienced   D. practiced
67. A. lasts     B. moves       C. carries      D. continues  
68. A. with     B. in           C. to          D. by
69. A. tight     B. close        C. closed      D. near
70. A. another   B. other       C. others       D. the other
71. A. front     B. form       C. above       D. former
72. A. longer    B. lower      C. taller        D. higher
73. A. parallel    B. similarity  C. equality      D. balance
74. A. opinion    B. idea       C. view        D. thought
75. A. deal      B. relate       C. do        D. concern
76. A. opposed   B. contrasted   C. compared  D. objected
77. A. operate    B. employ     C. exert      D. hire 
78. A. formed     B. made      C. developed  D. shaped
79. A. totally     B. precisely    C. looking    D. expecting 
试卷II
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IV.  Translation (20)
Section A. (非英语专业学生做)
Directions: In this part of the test, there are five items which you have to translate into Chinese. Each item has one or two sentences. These sentences are all underlined and taken from the reading passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension part. You are allowed 20 minutes to do the translation. You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
81. (Para.3, Passage 1)
As a financial advisor, I’ve seen hundreds of people learn to control their money instead of letting it control them and watched as they increased their freedom, power and security by handling money consciously.
 
 
82. (Para. 6, Passage 2)
         Unlike human beings, fishes do not stop growing when they maturity(成熟). They continue to grow as long as they live , although the rate of growth slows down in mature fishes.
 
 
83. (Para. 2, Passage 3)
         We re concerned develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability.
 
 
84. (Para. 3, Passage 3)
         They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively.
 
 
85. (Para. 1, Passage 4)
         Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are distributed among buyers.
 
 
Section B(英语专业学生做)
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage in Chinese. Read it carefully and translate it into English.
                                   家
  何以为家?家就是爱、支持和信任。家,是其成员之间温馨情感共存之处,父母给孩子以呵护,孩子也关注父母的行为。父母和孩子因爱而紧密相连,家成为世上最令人愉悦的地方。
  没有爱的家庭,如同没有灵魂的躯体,也就是不能称其为“家”。作为社会的一员,没有人能独自生存。一个人可能过着成功而富足的生活,但锦衣玉食并不一定幸福。世界历史上的许多伟人都对家有着深深的眷恋。
  也许你的家贫穷而简陋,但这正是你的职责所在。你应该努力使你的家更温馨舒适,面临的困难愈大,你的收获愈多。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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V. Writing (20 )
Directions: For this part, you are required to write a composition of 120 to 150 words (non-English majors) or 150 to 180 words (English majors). You should base your composition on the title and outline below. Write your composition on the Answer Sheet.
 
                     Why I Came to College
 
1.       我为什么选择读大学
2.       我现在读大学是否值得
3.       结论
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